Moving averages (GD)


How does a chart compare to its average over the last 30, 38, 90 or 200 days? It is useful to look at the "moving averages" over the corresponding time periods. This is where the average is plotted over each trading day or month. On our website, these GD lines can be viewed by accessing the chart of the desired security or index and selecting the appropriate moving averages from the drop-down menu above it. In the following example, a 10-year chart of the DAX, you see the 38-day line displayed in red and the 200-day in orange.

The longer the period of the moving average, the more smoothly ironed the GD line is and the further to the right the extremes are shifted. You use the moving averages to forecast the future. You choose the time period according to your investment horizon. Interesting are the intersections where the chart crosses the GD line down or up. This usually shows a trend reversal and is accordingly a buy or sell signal.


A trend reversal can be determined even earlier if you only look at the so-called oscillators. Imagine that a moving average is simply drawn straight like a thread and placed horizontally on the x-axis of a coordinate system. The distances of the actual chart to the moving average are now plotted on top of it. And - voilà - you already have an oscillator! If it is in the plus, there is an upward trend. If it turns negative, it is a sign of a trend reversal.

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Candlestick charts: A (fascinating) science in itself

Price trends can be displayed as more than just lines. Much more information is contained in a candlestick chart. In fact, the price entries resemble a more or less long candle with a wick. Example:

By the way, you can display any chart on our website as a candlestick chart. Simply select the appropriate option under "Chart type" and then click on "Display". Such a candlestick chart contains much more information than a line chart. It contains statements about the price development of each trading period (year, month, day) in

    The opening and closing prices are the boundaries of the candlesticks.
    A black candlestick means falling prices: The closing price is lower than the opening price.
    A white candlestick means rising prices: The closing price is above the initial price.
    The "wick" of each candlestick indicates the strongest price swings. The longer the wick, the more nervous the markets.

In candlestick charts, there are now also certain formations that provide information about the further price development. For example, a sequence of certain candlesticks. If you would like to benefit from this special form of chart analysis, you will find detailed information, explanations and tips in our free webinar "Trading Strategies with Candlestick Charts".

The most important points at a glance:

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    The Dow Theory states: everything you need to know about a security can be read from its chart (its price development).
    The chart can be used to identify upward and downward trends at an early stage, as well as a trend reversal.
    A trend can be made visible by trend lines and channels, support and resistance lines are psychological barriers as upper and lower limits beyond which a price cannot shoot.
    Further tools of technical analysis are moving averages (GD), which show the average price development over firmly defined past periods, e.g. 30, 38, 90 or 200 days. They can also be used to identify trends.
    Oscillators show the distance of the price from the moving average. If the oscillator is positive, it is a buy signal, if it is negative, it is a sell signal.
    The interpretation of candlestick charts, where not only the closing prices, but also the opening prices, the price tendency (downward or upward) and the strongest price fluctuations are entered for each trading day or month, enables completely unique analyses.
    Advanced traders and chart analysts also use Coppock indicators, Fibonacci analysis and Elliott wave theory to predict the future development of a chart.


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